Speaking and Listening
Throughout our curriculum there is a strong emphasis on enabling children to use language to work together effectively. Adults model language so that children may then learn new vocabulary and listen to how words need to be spoken. Through using language and hearing how others use it, children become able to describe the world and make sense of life’s experiences. They learn to use language as a tool for thinking; collectively and alone. Modelling both speech and language to a child is important as they are absorbing everything that they are experiencing which then becomes part of them.
Language skills are closely linked to improved life chances and social mobility. Spoken vocabulary at the age of five is said to be one of the key indications of how many GCSEs a child will get at the age of sixteen. Children come to school with different vocabulary size and depth and so we assess children on entry to gauge their individual language skills using Speech Link and Language Link. Extra support can then be given to any child who needs it so that their progress is optimal and they become more confident speakers.
Phonics and Reading
Reading opens children’s worlds to grapple with some of the big issues in life. It opens up possibilities for their personal, social, spiritual and emotional development.
In EYFS and key stage 1 we use ‘Letters and Sounds’ as a basis for our phonics teaching. Our reading books are based around a variety of different schemes which complement phonics based books for the learning of individual sounds. Children then work through different texts that work on coloured book bands to ensure that the right level of challenge is being given to the child to ensure maximum progress for decoding and comprehension. When a teacher feels that the child is ready to move to the next level, they will ‘benchmark’ the child, also using their own knowledge of the child to make the decision to move up to the next level.
Independence is important in reading; one of the best ways to nurture this interest from an early age is to make sure that the books children read on their own are suitable for their ability.
Reading aloud allows children to access high level texts, enables them to hear how unfamiliar language and sentence structures should sound and is proven to aid comprehension of a text; teachers will regularly read aloud to the children in a range of contexts. Hearing books read aloud give children a model for their own independent reading. Children also benefit from opportunities to read aloud to an adult at school.
‘Book talk’ will be used in class by teachers and other adults in school to model a reader’s thoughts and encourages children to do the same. Reading journals are used for this within school and children are given challenges when appropriate to complete in their own time. If children have given independent responses to questions, a discussion will provide them with the opportunity to add to or edit their answers. This will also lead to the teacher giving model answers to questions, either verbally or written.
Questioning used effectively has an important role to play in reading, not only as part of whole class or group discussions, but on a one-to-one basis. If a child asks a question, a skilful adult will ask a question in return and refer the child back to the text, rather than instantly providing a model answer.
Focus on vocabulary is the gateway to understanding – if we don’t understand the words we read, we can’t understand a text. We provide children with opportunities to hone skills such as morphemic and contextual analysis. Making predictions and checking word meanings is encouraged when children are reading.
It is an expectation of parents and carers to ensure that their child reads at home daily and engages in conversation with their child around their reading. The reading journal is a fantastic home-school link and parents/carers are encouraged to comment linked to the focus given. This will be catered for in different ways, depending on the age/ability of the child. Here are some ideas of how parents and carers can engage in this process:
The important thing to check is that your child makes sense of what they are reading and are understanding the text as a whole.
Our local library in Ilfracombe is fantastic; we encourage our parents and carers to take their children there to enrich their reading experience – please see below for a link to the library website.
At our school we aim to:
In EYFS, children will start to learn how to form letters correctly. They will be encouraged to use their knowledge of phonics to write words in ways which match their spoken sounds. By the end of the year, they will be expected to write simple sentences which can be read by themselves and others.
Developing Writing through Key Stage 1
Key Stage 1
At key stage 1 pupils become increasingly competent as writers. They write a range of text types (narrative and non-fiction) but their degree of control over these forms varies according to the complexity of the task. Purposes, audiences and appropriate forms are identified and, through shared and guided writing, the pupils have opportunities to plan, develop and review their writing. They write stories of different types based on known texts, focusing on particular elements, e.g. building character profiles, ascribing appropriate dialogue to particular characters, creating recognisable settings. Poetry, rhyme and language play provide models for the pupils’ own writing through adaptation, mimicry or substitution. Some of the organisational and linguistic features of non-fiction texts are evident in the pupils’ own writing of recounts, reports, instructions and explanations.
We use the cursive style of handwriting where every letter starts from the line which helps the children join from an early age. This style of handwriting has been researched to be the most effective style for dyslexic children and also looks beautiful when mastered – the children really do take pride in their writing. If you would like to support your child with handwriting or learn more about how and why it is taught in this way, please visit the ‘Teach Handwriting’ website or ask your child’s class teacher.
“Reading helps me learn new words, new information and makes your imagination explode!”
Ilfracombe Infant Pupil